Send for a doctor. DON'T attempt to administer first aid unless you have had prior training in first aid . Make the patient as comfortable as possible without moving him, unless it is absolutely necessary.
The victim's heartbeat will be low, weak, and fast. He will be very pale and in a cold sweat. Keep the victim flat on his back. Cover him with blankets, if available, or clothing. Apply hot-water bags and offer victim sips of coffee, tea or water.
Lay patient down with feet slightly raised above the level of the head so blood will rush back to the head. DON'T force the patient to sit up.
Apply cold applications to injured area. Use ice packs if possible. This slows up the internal bleeding and reduces swelling. Apply an elastic bandage. A sprained ankle should be elevated; and a sprained wrist should be put in a sling.
Avoid moving the patient if possible. If a doctor is not available for some time, apply a splint. If you have to apply a splint, DON'T try to manipulate the broken limb.
Apply pressure with a gauze pad using your hand or fingers right over the bleeding area. Push the edges of the wound together and apply tape at right angles to hold the edges of the wound together. Avoid the use of a tourniquet, if at all possible.
Treat patient for shock. Apply cool compresses of bicarbonate of soda and administer stimulants and fluids. Prevent infection by using sterile handling techniques.
1. DON'T give water or any other liquid to an unconscious person.
2. DON'T give stimulants to patients suffering from severe bleeding, suspected internal bleeding, or a head injury.